How to write a conclusion: Ending the essay

  1. What is a conclusion?

The conclusion is the last part of a written piece, the purpose of which is to create a sense of completeness and close the topic. The size of the conclusive component varies from 1 paragraph if it is an essay to 1 page or more if in research paper.

  1. What are the functions of the conclusion?
  • focus attention on the significance of the thesis statement
  • leave the impression of completeness
  • serving as the part, which is being remembered by the reader
  • redirecting the reader to another issue or concept.
  1. How do I reach these goals in my conclusion?
  • In order to set a sense of completeness you should:
  • connect the conclusive part with the introductory paragraph
  • restate the thesis statement
  • synthesize your points, create a new meaning of them instead of just repeating
  • use simple language in conclusion – explaining the complex concepts as they are understood by you and the reader
  • end with the sentence, which is compound. This will provide a sense of balance and be appropriate for the ending of complicated discussion.
  • In order to close the discussion but with leaving perspectives and questions for the reader to think about:
  • Use the quotation from your primary or secondary source. It should condense the main points of your paper or reveal the topic in different light. If you are writing an essay about some literature piece you may use for this purpose a quotation from a novel or poem, which will specify your discussion. If you provide here a saying of some scientist or critic it will sound as an authoritative voice and will confirm your opinion.
  • Place your discussion into wider context in conclusion. You can write about the historical period, global issues and so on.
  • You can provide the redefining of the main terms of your work. If you indicated the vocabulary or scholar definition of some notion here you may create your own explanation for it that will flow out of your paper core ideas.
  • Think what your thesis may suggest and include it in the conclusive part. Remember that your conclusion can become an introduction or a background for new discussions and arguments.
  • Make the audience look in the future by giving a challenge to it. The readers should understand the significance of your work and problems enlightened and apply them to their life.
  1. How should not I end the essay?
  • Do not just sum up your points, arguments, and ideas. A summary is useful in case the paper you a writing is long and profound work but if you are working on the essay there is no need to repeat what you have said.
  • Do not use phrases like “In conclusion”, “so”, “to conclude”, “to sum up”. They are suitable for oral speech but not for academic writing.
  • Do not express your doubts or apologies in conclusion. It should look affirmative and certain. It is not a very good idea to indicate that your work is just one of the approaches and can be doubted. You must be sure in the words you written.

Keywords: conclusion, essay, paper, summary, conclude, sum up, writing.

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