Writing a scientific paper is not the easiest task as you need to consider both unprepared readers and people that specialize in the area. When you are preparing to complete a scientific article you should read some samples written in the same format you are going to use. Also, you should pay attention to the style of writing. Here we will provide you with some tips on writing the essential elements of the scientific paper.
- 1. Abstract.
An abstract is usually one paragraph that condenses the key points of the paper and informs the reader about the purpose of writing, its focus, methods, results and conclusions. The abstract is a component of the scientific paper, however, it can serve as a separate unit, after reading of which the audience will know what to expect and whether they are interested.
- 2. Introduction.
Introduction represents the posed in the paper and explains why it is worth interest and how it is important for science. Also, you should indicate here the approach that you used. Even if the reader is unprepared he or she must understand your introduction, thus, try to use not too professional or technical language.
- 3. Methods and materials.
This section actually describes what was done by you. Here you should indicate the techniques and strategies applied and what kind of experiment was conducted.
Make sure that you reference this part properly.
- 4. Results.
Every paragraph should start with opening or topical sentence, which represents the main question tested and how it is connected with the experiment explicated in the paragraph. You can show the results to the reader in tables or figures. But, also, you will need to summarize and organize them in text.
Consider that not all the results should be written in the separate table or figure: create them only for the most meaningful and systematic data.
The scientific paper should be focus on positive results mostly; however, you must mention negative ones as well and so develop a perspective for future research.
- 5. Figures and tables.
Figures and tables should present the data in the format, which will be comfortable for readers understanding. Thus, form your table or figure in the way that it is clear even without text reference.
Make sure that you numerate tables and figures according to their sequence. Usually they are printed on the separate pages that follow reference section but also they can be integrated in your paper.
- 6. Discussion.
In this part you should not only restate the results but also interpret, explain and compare with your expectations. Also, you can tell about your predictions here.
- 7. Flow.
Remember that all your papers despite their types and content should flow. The reader does not have to be forced to look for your logic but he should understand what you mean from the first glance.
- 8. Tenses.
Results of your research are typically explicated in the past tense. The results which are assumed as facts can be described in the present tense. Future experiments and predictions should be discussed by the author in future tense.